About Turkey


Location
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Turkey is a transcontinental country located mainly on the Anatolian peninsula in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeastern Europe. East Thrace, the part of Turkey in Europe, is separated from Anatolia by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosporus and the Dardanelles.

Capital City and Administrative Units
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Capital of Turkey is Ankara while the largest city in the country is Istanbul.

Climate
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The coastal areas of Turkey bordering the Sea of Marmara (including Istanbul), which connects the Aegean Sea and the Black Sea, have a transitional climate between a temperate Mediterranean climate and a temperate Oceanic climate with warm to hot, moderately dry summers and cool to cold, wet winters.

Time Zone
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Turkey uses the GMT+3 time zone. There is not any time difference between Qatar and Turkey. Turkey does not employ daylight saving time.

Language
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Official language of Turkey is Turkish. Most commonly spoken foreign language in Turkey is English.

Currency
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Currency of Turkey is Turkish Lira (TRY).

Telephone Code
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International telephone code of Turkey is +90.

Units of Measurement
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Metric system is used in Turkey.

Direction of the Traffic
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Turkey uses right-hand traffic.

Public Holidays
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New Year's Day: January 1
National Sovereignty and Children's Day: April 23
Labor Day: May 1
Commemoration of Ataturk, Youth and Sports Day: May 19
Democracy and National Unity Day: July 15
Victory Day: August 30
Republic Day: October 29
Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Adha

Working Hours
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Government Offices and Banks: Monday-Friday: 08:30-17:30

Traveling from Qatar to Turkey
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Easiest and fastest mean of transport from Qatar to Turkey is flight. There are direct flights from Doha to Istanbul, available from Turkish Airlines, Pegasus Airlines and Qatar Airways. Flight takes approximately four and a half hours.

Transport in Turkey
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You can travel in Turkey by plane, bus, car, train, ship & ferry. Public transport is very common in Turkey. You can also rent a car or take a taxi.

Mains Electricity
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In Turkey the power plugs and sockets are of type F. The standard voltage is 220 V and the standard frequency is 50 Hz.

Emergency
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Dial 112 in case of medical emergency, 155 for the police and 110 for fire.

Visa
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90 days stay in Turkey within any 180-day period is allowed for Qatari citizens.

Travel Vaccinations
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WHO recommends the following vaccinations for Turkey: hepatitis A, hepatitis B, typhoid, rabies, anthrax, meningitis, polio, measles, mumps and rubella (MMR), Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis), chickenpox, shingles, pneumonia and influenza.
Please check latest information about COVID-19 restrictions and vaccination from your country's Ministry of Health and World Health Organization.

Economy
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The economy of Turkey is an emerging market economy as defined by the International Monetary Fund. Turkey is among the world's developed countries and is also defined by economists and political scientists as one of the world's newly industrialized countries. Turkey has the world's 19th-largest nominal GDP and 13th-largest GDP by PPP. Turkey is among the world's leading producers of agricultural products, textiles, motor vehicles, transportation equipment, construction materials, consumer electronics and home appliances.

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